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秋天吃什么五谷杂粮

2017-06-27 17:07:14 admin 21

1、大米

又名粳米,味甘性平,具有补中益气、健脾和胃、除烦渴的功效。冬天室内暖气较热,空气干燥,早晚喝点大米粥,可以远离口干舌燥的困扰。

特别需要提醒糖尿病患者的是,大米不同的烹调方法对血糖的影响不同。研究表明,等量大米煮成的干饭比稀饭对血糖的影响小。因此,糖尿病患者早餐进食干饭有利于控制血糖。


2、小米

秋天吃什么五谷杂粮好

小米又叫做粟米,经常食用具有健脾和胃的作用,那些患有脾胃虚热、反胃呕吐、腹泻及产后、病后体虚者可以食用。小米在熬粥的时候上面会浮一层细腻的黏稠物,这种物质被称为“米油”。中医认为,米油的营养极为丰富,滋补力最强,有“米油可代参汤”的说法。


3、小麦

小麦味甘,性平微寒,有健脾益肾、养心安神功效。心烦失眠者可用小麦与大米、大枣一起煮粥服食。此外,麦麸含高膳食纤维,对高脂蛋白血症、糖尿病、动脉粥样硬化、痔疮、老年性便秘、结肠癌都有防治作用。


4、玉米

味甘性平,具有健脾利湿、开胃益智、宁心活血的作用。玉米油中的亚油酸能防止胆固醇向血管壁沉淀,对防止高血压、冠心病有积极作用。

此外,它还有利尿和降低血糖的功效,特别适合糖尿病患者食用。美国科学家还发现,吃玉米能刺激脑细胞,增强人的记忆力。玉米中所含的黄体素和玉米黄质可以预防老年人眼睛黄斑性病变的发生。


5、薏米

薏米所含有的蛋白质要比米、面高的多,而且和容易被消化吸收,对于减轻胃肠负担、增强体质有一定的作用。中医认为,苡米味甘淡,性微寒,有健脾、补肺、清热、利湿的作用。

上文就是向我们详细介绍了秋天吃什么杂粮好,因为现在有很多高血压,或者是高血糖的患者,如果是吃太多大米的话就会引起自己的血糖升高的,尤其是在秋季的时候,所以就尽量的将主食,和杂粮搭配进行食用。


秋季吃五谷杂粮的技巧

1、每天吃的量占到主食的1/3左右

粗粮吃得少,起不到预防慢性病等多种保健作用。但粗粮含有较多的膳食纤维和植酸,长期大量食用,会影响人体对钙、铁等矿物质的吸收,还会降低人体免疫力。

因此,专家建议,每天最好能吃50~100克粗粮。健康成年人每天吃的量占主食总量的1/3比较合适。


2、用高压锅烹调保护营养

红豆、绿豆和黑米等颜色深的粗粮多含有丰富的抗氧化成分,能帮助人体清除自由基,抵抗衰老。

高压锅烹调能避免食物接触过多氧气,对于保存粗粮中宝贵的抗氧化成分,如多酚类物质是非常有利的。

国外研究也证实,蒸煮会让豆子的抗氧化能力有所下降,然而用高压锅来烹调豆子,在相同软烂程度下,能减少抗氧化物质的损失。


3、根据自身体质来调整品种

燕麦可溶性膳食纤维含量丰富,适合血脂高和肥胖者;红豆、薏米利尿去肿,适合水肿体质人群。

体质较热者可多吃绿豆、荞麦等寒凉滋润的杂粮;寒性体质者则应选择高粱、红小豆、糯米等偏温热杂粮;胃肠不好的人可以选择小米、大黄米和糙米,这类粗粮煮粥吃容易消化。


4、特殊人群要粗粮细做

老年人、消化系统尚未发育完善的儿童或者是免疫力较低的妇女人群,由于消化吸收功能弱,吃太多粗粮会增加胃肠负担,还会妨碍其他营养素的吸收和利用。

对于这类人群而言,除了可选择小米、大黄米等易消化的粗粮,并适当减少吃粗粮的量,还可以通过改进烹调方法来提高吸收率,如把粥煮软烂黏糊、粗粮磨粉等。

需要提醒的是,对于糖尿病患者而言,粥越软烂黏糊,餐后血糖上升速度也就越快。


秋天饮食的注意事项

1、秋季饮食应防燥护阴、滋肾润肺

秋天为收获的季节,上市的蔬菜、瓜果品种较多,人们宜食花生、泥鳅、白鸭肉、鲥鱼、山药、白木耳、橘子、白果、梨、红枣、莲子、葡萄、甘蔗等柔润之品。秋季干燥,容易出现诸如皮肤干燥、皲裂和口角炎等症,此时,应多喝开水、淡茶、豆浆、牛奶、蜂蜜等。

秋天吃什么五谷杂粮好


2、秋季进补宜滋阴润燥

秋天人们感到口鼻干燥、咽干喉痛、皮肤干裂,说明燥气消耗人体之津液,津液既伤,滋补津液就是秋季常用的补法。秋燥引起肺虚时,可用百合、薏米仁、淮山、蜂蜜等益补肺气;引起肺阴虚证象时,可用核桃肉、芡实、雪梨、藕汁及牛奶、麻仁、海参、猪皮、鸡肉等分别滋养胃阴及肝、肾。


3、秋季饮食要有“御寒”功效

秋天,特别是深秋,天气变寒,人们可通过饮食增加热能的供给,多吃鸡、鱼、肉、蛋、豆制品以及新鲜蔬菜、水果、干果等富含高蛋白、维生素、微量元素和易消化的食物四、秋季饮食还应注意防病。

秋季凉爽,人体食欲大增,暴饮暴食使胃肠负担加重,功能紊乱,特别是秋季昼夜温差较大,腹部着凉后容易引起胃肠道疾病。因此应注意食品的卫生,把住“病从口入”关。另外,秋天气候凉爽,味觉增强,饮食过量,汗液分泌减少,应防止肥胖。

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